On this Day in History… 23rd June

23rd June, a day like any other…in actual fact there have been some fairly momentous events, births and deaths on this date over the years and we’ve recorded them below for posterity. If you think we’ve missed anything out then just let us know in the comments!

Events

1314 – First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn (south of Stirling) begins.
1532 – Secret treaty signed by Henry VIII and François I against Emperor Charles V.
1757 – Battle of Plassey –50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj Ud Daulah defeated by 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive at Plassey.
1758 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Krefeld – French troops defeated by British forces at Krefeld in Germany.
1760 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Landeshut – Austria defeats Prussia.
1780 – American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey.
1865 – American Civil War: at Fort Towson in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate, Brigadier General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army.
1894 – The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne in Paris.
1940 – World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler looks out over newly defeated Paris in the now-occupied France.
1942 – World War II: the first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place on a train from Paris.
1943 – World War II: The British destroyers HMS Eclipse and HMS Laforey sink the Italian submarine Ascianghi in the Mediterranean.
1961 – Cold War: the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent, comes into force after the opening date for signature set for the December 1, 1959.
1972 – Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the CIA to obstruct the FBI investigation into the Watergate break-ins.

Births

1433 – Francis II, Duke of Brittany.
1534 – Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord.
1596 – Johan Banér, Swedish field marshal.
1763 – Joséphine de Beauharnais, French wife of Napoleon I.
1894 – Edward VIII of the United Kingdom.
1910 – Bill King, English commander and author.
1913 – William P. Rogers, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 55th United States Secretary of State.
1940 – Stuart Sutcliffe, Scottish-English bass player (The Beatles).
1945 – John Garang, Sudanese politician, President of Southern Sudan.
1972 – Selma Blair, American actress.
1972 – Zinedine Zidane, French footballer.
1976 – Patrick Vieira, French footballer.

Deaths 

79 – Vespasian, Roman emperor.
679 – Æthelthryth, queen of Northumbria.
1314 – Henry de Bohun, English knight.
1582 – Shimizu Muneharu, Japanese commander.
1686 – William Coventry, English politician.
1779 – Mikael Sehul, Ethiopian warlord.
1970 – Roscoe Turner, American pilot.
1980 – V. V. Giri, Indian politician, 4th President of India.
2006 – Aaron Spelling, American actor, producer, and screenwriter, founded Spelling Television.
2008 – Arthur Chung, Guyanan politician, 1st President of Guyana.

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