On This Day in History…. 4th March

Here it is – another selection of events, births and deaths that have marked this day (4th March) throughout human history all over the world. 

Events

51AD – Nero, who will later rule the Roman Empire, was given the title ‘princeps iuventuis’: ‘Head of the Youth’.
1152 – Frederick I Barbarossa was elected King of the Germans.
1386 – Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) was crowned King of Poland.
1493 – Explorer Christopher Columbus arrived back in Lisbon, Portugal, aboard his ship Niña from his voyage to what is now The Bahamas and other islands in the Caribbean.
1665 – English King Charles II declared war on the Netherlands, marking the start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1789 – The first Congress of the United States met in New York City, putting the US Constitution into effect. The United Stated Bill of Rights was written and proposed to Congress.
1882 Britain’s first electric trams began running in east London.
1918 – The first case of Spanish flu occurred, marking the start of a devastating worldwide pandemic.
1976 The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention was formally dissolved in Northern Ireland, resulting in direct rule of Northern Ireland from London by the British Parliament.
2007 – Approximately 30,000 voters took advantage of electronic voting in Estonia for the parliamentary election. It was the world’s first nationwide voting where part of the vote casting is allowed in the form of remote electronic voting via the Internet.

Births

895 – Emperor Gaozu of the Later Han Dynasty
1492 – Francesco de Layolle, Italian organist and composer
1602 – Kanō Tan’yū, Japanese painter
1702 – Jack Sheppard, English criminal
1870 – Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet
1984 – Norbert Hosnyánszky, Hungarian water polo player

Deaths

480 – Saint Landry, French bishop
1303 – Daniel of Moscow, Russian saint
1805 – Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter
1915 – William Willett, English founder of British Summer Time
2011 – Simon van der Meer, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

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