On this day in history… 3rd May

Here at Joan Allen we frequently scour the history books and find out what happened on a particular date in history. So take a look below at some of the most interesting things that happened on the 3rd May throughout human history…

Events
1481 – The largest of three earthquakes strikes the island of Rhodes and causes an estimated 30,000 casualties.

1802 – Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city.

1837 – The University of Athens is founded in Athens, Greece.

1915 – The poem In Flanders Fields is written by Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae.

1936 – Joe DiMaggio, familiarly referred to as Joltin’ Joe and The Yankee Clipper makes his major league debut for the New York Yankees.

1937 – Gone with the Wind, a novel by Margaret Mitchell, wins the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.

1942 – World War II: Japanese naval troops invade Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands during the first part of Operation Mo that results in the Battle of the Coral Sea between Japanese forces and forces from the United States and Australia.

1945 – World War II: Sinking of the prison ships Cap Arcona, Thielbek and Deutschland by the Royal Air Force in Lübeck Bay.

1963 – The police force in Birmingham, Alabama switches tactics and responds with violent force to stop the “Birmingham campaign” protesters. Images of the violent suppression are transmitted worldwide, bringing newfound attention to the African-American Civil Rights Movement.

1979 – Margaret Thatcher is elected to her first term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

2001 – The United States loses its seat on the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time since the commission was formed in 1947.

Births
612 – Constantine III, Byzantine emperor (d. 641)

1879 – Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman, aviation pioneer, and soldier, one of the founders of Qantas (d. 1950)

1903 – Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (The Rhythm Boys) (d. 1977)

1921 – Sugar Ray Robinson, American boxer (d. 1989)

1959 – Ben Elton, English comedian and author

Deaths
1294 – John I, Duke of Brabant (b. 1252)

1758 – Pope Benedict XIV (b. 1675)

1779 – John Winthrop, American astronomer (b. 1714)

1916 – Tom Clarke, Irish Nationalist, Leader and Organiser of the Easter Rising (b. 1858)

1916 – Thomas MacDonagh, Irish Nationalist and Leader of the Easter Rising (b. 1878)

1916 – Patrick Pearse, Irish Nationalist and Leader of the Easter Rising (b. 1879)

1969 – Zakir Hussain, Indian politician, 3rd President of India (b. 1897)

1996 – Jack Weston, American actor (b. 1924)

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